A chronology from
The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763 by Rene Chartrand
1534 Jacques Cartier takes possession of Canada for France at Gaspe. The area is called New France.
1535 Jacques Cartier and his men build a small fort at Quebec.
1541-1543 Cartier and the Seigneur de Roberval build forts at Cap-Rouge near Quebec, but the colony is abandoned in 1543.
1600-1601 Fortified post at Tadoussac.
1604 – 1605 Fortified post at Isle Stainte-Croix, Acadia
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