Fort Beauséjour 1755

Weapons and Warfare

FortBeausejour1750McCordMuseum

Fort Beauséjour and Cathedral (c.1755)

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Fort Beauséjour, Spring 1754.© Parks Canada / L. Parker

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Fort Beauséjour, Spring 1756 © Parks Canada / L. Parker

The main event of King George’s War 1744-1748 (in Europe the struggle for of Austrian Succession) was the capture of Louisbourg. Under the terms of the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle that ended the war, Louisbourg was returned to France, and Britain’s ownership of the peninsula of Acadia (Nova Scotia) was confirmed. In 1749 Britain started building her great naval base at Halifax and began bringing in settlers. France hoped that the part of Acadia which is now New Brunswick would be retained as French territory.

To limit British expansion and to hold the land north of the Bay of Fundy as well as protect the remaining Acadian settlements, France began building Fort Beauséjour in 1751. The fort was pentagon-shaped, with five bastions. These, the casements…

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